|Eliza Furnace, located on
the North Branch of Blacklick Creek near the Forks of the North and South
Branches of Blacklick Creek between Rexis and Vintondale, near the Junction
of PA SR2013 and PA SR3045, Buffington Township, Indiana County, and Black
Lick Township, Cambria County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. (The County line passes
through the furnace stack.)
Date Built: ca. 1845/1846
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1849
Other names Eliza Furnace was known by:
|Eliza Furnace & Iron Works
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
|LOCATION: Junction of the north & south Branches of Blacklick Creek, .75mi northwest on PA SR3045, between Rexis, Buffington Twp., Indiana Co. & Vintondale, Blacklick Twp., Cambria Co. The county line runs thrugh the furnace stack. U.S.G.S. Quad Map: Vintondale (1:24000) UTM: 17 E.676600 N.4483500|
The rear and side of the furnace stack showing bridge connection to the top of the furnace stack and the hot blast heat exchanger on the top of the furnace stack with the down blast tube on the side of the furnace.
(Photo by Jet Lowe, courtesy of the Historic American Building Survey and Historic American Engineering Record, America's Industrial Heritage Project, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.)
|Eliza Furnace ca.1905.
Showing the overgrown furnace stack, along with, what is presumed to be the iron master's house on the hill behind the furnace.
(Photo source unknown.)
(Photo courtesy of "The Dispatch," Blairsville, PA, ca.1996)
|DESCRIPTION: The Eliza
Iron Furnace is located on the Indiana-Cambria county line near Vintondale.
The furnace is a pyramid-shaped structure, made of cut stone and
approximately 30 feet high. The furnace has an interior opening, or
bosh, of 9 feet. The bosh was loaded with iron ore, charcoal and limestone
through an opening at the top of the furnace stack which was accessed via
a wooden bridge connecting the furnace stack with the nearby hillside.
This bridge no longer exists.
Eliza Furnace is an early example of a "hot-blast" iron furnace. In both "cold-blast" and "hot blast" furnaces, a blast of air was forced into the furnace by a water-driven bellows. In this example, hot air was collected at the base of the furnace and carried to the coils or heat-exchanger on top bny a vent pipe. This hot air was mixed with the cold air from the bellows and recirculated through the furnace. This method did not work very well. The coil pipes and vent pipes still remain.
[The above statement on the operation of the hot blast equipment at Eliza Furnace is more than likely in error, as no study of the remaining blast equipment nor archaeological work at the furnace has been done, to date ca.2002. Also various parts and structures associated with the hot-blast equipment have been removed over the years, with no records showing just what was in place at the time of the furnace operation. (ed.)]
The furnace, having been cleared of brush and debris, is in
good condition. Although the bridge and cast house have long been removed,
the furnace possesses god integrity. Since the furnace is located at
the forks of Blaclick Creek, it is conceivably threatened by high
|Bibliographical Sources: This section under construction.|
|If you have pictures or know of where pictures of the furnace are located or additional information on Eliza Furnace, Cambria Co., please contact the Ironmaster|
If you have additional information or pictures on the Iron
Furnaces of Cambria County or Indian County, Pennsylvania
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