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Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works

Digital Iron Furnace Research Library
The 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
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Iron Furnaces of Clarion County Pennsylvania
Beaver Furnace & Iron Works,
Village of Piney,
Beaver Twp.,
Clarion County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.


Pennsylvania Iron Furnace Sourcebook
Clarion County Iron Furnaces

A Tribute to the Iron Masters and Iron Workers
that built and keep in-blast
the old Stone Blast Furnaces of Pennsylvania.

by
Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Archaeologist, Editor & Web Master,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Advisor.


Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works
A Publication of the 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
Updated Dec. 7, 2004

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Beaver Furnace & Iron Works:  Located on Deer Creek, 5mi. south of Shippenville, near the Village of Piney, Beaver Twp., Clarion County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Date Built: ca. 1835
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1854

Other names Beaver Furnace was known by:
Leonard & Sample Company Furnace;
Long, Blackstone & Company Furnace;
Miller & Long Company Furnace;
Sample's Furnace

Beaver Furnace & Iron Works
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
Owners: Leonard & Sample Company (ca.1835)
             Miller & Long Company (ca.1850)
             Long, Blackstone & Company (ca.1851 ? -1854)

Short History of Beaver Furnace:

From the "Iron Manufacturer's Guide"
Beaver Steam and Water Hot and Cold-blast Charcoal Furnace, owned by Long, Blackstone & Company, on Deer Point Creek, two and a fourth miles below Shippen Furnace, and five miles south of Shippenville, was built in 1835 and abandoned in 1854.  It was 9 feet across the bosh by 33 feet high, and had made as high as 1,500 tons in a year.  The last blast was hot. (Lesley,1859:100)

From "History of Clarion County" 1887.
Beaver Furnace, 1835, on Deer Creek, two miles from its mouth; steam and water; hot and cold blast, the last blast was hot; nine feet bosh, thirty-three feet high; owned by Long, Blackstone & Co.; Output 1845, 1,200 tons; in 1852, 1,500; abandoned in 1854. (Davis,1887:116)

While in the Legislature Mr. D. B. Long, one of the firm, procured the passage of an act, forbidding the sale of intoxicating liquors within a radius of three miles from this furnace. (Davis,1887:114)

Beaver Furnace.  Located on Deer Creek, 2 miles from its mouth.  Originally cold blast, later hot blast.  Steam and water powered,. Height 33 feet, 9 foot bosh.  Produced 1,200 tons in 1845. only 1,500 tons in 1852.  Abandoned 1854.  D.B.Long, one of the owners, stimulated passage of a law prohibiting sale of intoxicating liquors within three miles of this furnace while he was in the Pennsylvania legislature. (Caldwell,1877:    )

From: "A Guide to the Old Stone Blast Furnace in Western Pennsylvania" 1966.
Beaver Furnace.  This furnace was built by Leonard Sample on Deer Creek in 1835.  It was abandoned in 1854.  In 1850 it was owned by Miller & Land.  It was a cold blast furnace with one tuyere and the blast was powered by a steam engine.  It had a 9 foot bosh.  Maximum production was 1210 tons in one year. (Sharp & Thomas,1966:30)

Beaver Furnace, Beaver Township, Clarion Co.
1872 Map of Beaver Township, Clarion, showing the location of Beaver Furnace and the settlement around the furnace.
(from "Atlas of the County of Lawrence & The State of Pennsylvania,"  Published by G.M.Hopkins & Co., Philadelphia, PA, ca.1872)

Location:  To reach the site of Beaver Furnace, follow PA Rt.68 northeast through Sligo to PA SR2007, the road to Shamburg.  Follow PA SR2007 north through Shamburg until it crosses the Clarion River at Piney.  At the north end of the Clarion River bridge turn right on PA SR4001.  Follow PA SR4001 for approximately 1.5 mi.  Turn left on T-411 and go for about .75 mi., T-411 will go under I-80 to where it crosses Deer Creek and the road is parallel to the old railroad bed up Deer Creek.  Cross the bridge over Deer Creek and park.  About 100 feet up the creek from the bridge over Deer Creek is a large slag bank. Between this spot and the road is a large pile of stone, some of which is cut stone.  Beaver Furnace probably was probably closer to the hill.  The road, according to an old map, originally ran between the furnace and the creek.  In widening the road the furnace stone probably was pushed over and the road was relocated closer to the hill.

The slag pile contains green slag, indicating that an iron ore high manganese was being used at Beaver Furnace.

Bibliographical Sources:  This section under construction.                                                    

[no pictures are presently available for Beaver Furnace, Clarion Co., Pa.]
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