|Buchanan Furnace & Iron Works:
Located on the north bank of the Clarion River,
in a bend of the river opposite Callensburg, a short distance northwest of
PA Rt. 58 bridge, Licking Twp., Clarion County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Date Built: ca.1842/1844
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1858
Other names Buchanan Furnace was know by:
|Buchanan Furnace & Iron Works:
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
Plummer, Creasy & Company (ca.1842-1857);
Plummer & Creary Company
Plummer, Crary & Company (ca.1842-1857);
F.G. Crary (ca.1857-1858)
|Buchanan Iron Furnace
Buchanan Furnace, across the Clarion River from Callensburg, Licking Twp., Clarion Co.
(Photo courtesy of A Guide to the Old Stone Blast Furnaces in Western Pennsylvania, by Sharp & Thomas, 1966)
|Short History of Buchanan Furnace:
From: "Early History of Western Pennsylvania and of the
From: "Proceeding of the Iron Convention" 1849.
From: "Iron Manufacturer Guide" 1859.
From: "Caldwell's History of Clarion County" 1877
From: "History of Clarion County" 1887.
The Buchanan furnace mill was erected to supply the wants of the furnace people, probably in 1850. It was afterwards torn down, and moved away. (Davis,1877:n.p.)
Furnaces. -- Buchanan Furnace was built in 1842 by Fred Crary and Samuel Plummer. As it is intended to write up furnaces in a separate chapter, we shall only observe here that the stack of the furnace is still standing. (Davis.1877:n.p.)
The Buchanan wharf, where the pig iron was loaded in the boats for transportation, was located below the furnace. The Prospect wharf was on the east side of the mouth of Licking. Above Crary's Dam, on the south side of the river, was located the Sligo metal wharf, many of the timbers of which are still to be seen. (Davis,1877:n.p.)
The furnace companies at Prospect and Buchanan each had stores.(Davis,1877:n.p.)
A Mrs. Hoveler was burned to death at Buchanan furnace. (Davis,1877:n.p.)
From: "A Guide to the Old Stone Blast Furnace in Western
To locate the site of Buchanan Furnace, from Callensburg, Clarion Co. go north on PA Rt. 58. Cross the bridge over the Clarion River. About 500 feet after crossing the Clarion River bridge, a private lane turns off to the left. Turn left into this private lane (get the land owners permission before proceeding up the lane). Go about 500 feet on this lane, Buchanan Furnace stack is on the right, next to the hill. It is in the open and was plainly visble (ca.1966) from the lane, but is hidden from PA Rt. 58 by the curve of the hill.
(Sharp & Thomas,1966:31)
|Buchanan Iron Furnace ca.1975
The Buchanan Iron Furnace Stack as it appeared ca.1975. At the time this picture was taken a well defined raceway extended from the Clarion River to the furnace site. The raceway would indicate that at some point in the history of the Buchanan Furnace, the blast machinery was powered by water power.
(Photo courtesy of Arnold Kepple, author of "History of Callensburg Boro & Licking Township.")
|Buchanan Iron Furnace, ca.2001
The Buchanan Iron Furnace stack, as it appeared in September, 2001.
(Photo courtesy of Hank Hufnagel, of Clarion County.)
This section under construction.
A Gentleman of the Bar
1846 Early History of Western Pennsylvania and of the West. cv0000
|[No early pictures are presently available for Buchanan
Furnace, Clarion Co., Pa.]
If you have pictures or know of where pictures of the furnace are located or additional information on Buchanan Furnace, Clarion Co., please contact the Ironmaster; Web Master Ray Washlaski.
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