|Cocheco Furnace & Iron Works:
Located on Leatherwood Creek, along Rockville
Road, at St.Charles, near the Village of Leatherwood, Porter Twp., Clarion
County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Date Built: ca. 1844
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1865
Other names Cocheco Furnace was known by:
|Cocheco Furnace & Iron Works:
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
John & Samuel Wilson (ca.1844)
Reid and Howley (ca.1887)
J. & P. Kerr
|Short History of Cocheco Furnace [St. Charles
From "History of Clarion County" 1887.
Originally St. Charles Furnace [Cocheo Furnace] was built as a charcoal iron furnace. The Hot blast was introduced in 1857. It is the only furnace that employed raw coal. Though essentially a charcoal stack, this furnace was run for one year on coke, made from the Freeport lower coal seam and for nearly a year on raw coal from the Freeport upper coal seam, which in this vicinity is a "block" character [coal]. Innumerable thin layers of mineral charcoal disseminated through the bed, divide the bituminous portion intop such thin laminae that any appreciable swelling or melting of the mass is rendered impossible, and each lump preserves its shape until it is entirely consumed.
In 1845, it produced 1,000 tons; in 1850 it produced 2,000 tons. Furnace was dismantled in 1865.
All that remains today [ca.1887] is a, crumbling pile of stones, and many passersby never notice it as they travel along the Rockville Road, Route 854. (Davis,1887:117;118)
Cocheco Furnace. Located on Leatherwood Creek, 2 miles from the Low Grade Railroad. Height 33 feet, 10 foot bosh. Also known as St. Charles Furnace. Built by Wilsons. Sold to J. & P. Kerr, of Clarion, in 1846. Leased 1861-1865 to Michael McCue. Production in 1845 and 1847 was 1,000 tons; 1850 was 2,000 tons. Originally charcoal furnace; used coke from Freeport lower coal one year, one year on raw coal from Freeport upper bed. Only Clarion County furnace that used raw coal. Began hot blast in 1857. Dismantled 1865. (Caldwell,1877: )
St Charles Furnace (Carrs and /or Leatherwood Furnace). Was built in 1834 by John and Samuel Wilson of Strattonville as a cold blast charcoal furnace. In 1857 it was changed to hot blast and at the same time steam power was substituted for water power. In 1846 it was purchased by J. and P. Kerr of Clarion. In 1861 it was leased to Michael McCune, who operated it until 1865, when it went out of blast. This was the only furnace in Clarion County that ued raw coal at times. (Sharp & Thomas,1966:40)
at New Bethlehem, follow PA Rt.861 west, you will cross Long Run, continue
on PA Rt. 861 to the crossing of Leathwood Creek, just after crossing Leatherwood
Creek is the Junction of PA SR2007. Turn right, go north on PA SR2007
for about 200 feet. The stack is to the right and below the road on
the west bank of Leatherwood Creek. It was covered and surrounded
with heavy brush, ca.1966, so that it was almost impossible to get close
to the stack. Also, the local residents say that there are copperheads
in the furnace stack.
(Sharp & Thomas,1966:40)
(St. Charles Furnace),
Porter Township, Clarion Co.
1872 Map of Porter Township, Clarion, showing the location of Cocheco Furnace (St. Charles Furnace) and the settlement around the furnace.
(from "Atlas of the County of Lawrence & The State of Pennsylvania," Published by G.M.Hopkins & Co., Philadelphia, PA, ca.1872)
|Bibliographical Sources: This section under construction.|
|[no pictures are presently available for Cocheco Furnace
(St. Charles Furnace), Clarion Co., Pa.]
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Furnaces of Clarion County, Pennsylvania
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