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Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works

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The 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania

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The Iron Furnaces of Clarion County Pennsylvania
Deer Creek Furnace & Iron Works
Elk Twp.,
Clarion County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Pennsylvania Iron Furnace Source Book
Clarion County Iron Furnaces

A Tribute to the Iron Masters and Iron Workers
that built and keep in-blast
the old Stone Blast Furnaces of Pennsylvania.

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Archaeologist & Web Master,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Advisor.

Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works
A Publication of the 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
Updated Nov. 2, 2002

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Deer Creek Furnace & Iron Works:  Located on Deer Creek, west of Shippenville, Elk Twp., Clarion County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Date Built: ca. 1844
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1851

Other names Deer Creek Furnace was known by:
Hasson's Furnace;

Kerr & Hasson Company Furnace;
Mease & Company Furnace;
Mease's Furnace

Deer Creek Furnace & Iron Works:
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
Kerr & Hasson (ca.1846)
James Hasson (ca.1850)
Dr. Mease & Co. (ca.1850-1851)

Short History of Deer Creek Furnace:
Documents Relating to the Manufacture of Iron in Pennsylvania, 1850
A Detailed Statement of all the Charcoal Cold Blast Furnaces in Western Pennsylvania in the year 1850
Published on behalf of the Convention of Iron Masters,
Which met in Philadelphia, on the Twentierth of December, 1849
Philadelphia: Published by the General Committee. 1850
Name of Works date of Sheriff's
sale or failure
in-blast 1849
out-of-blast 1849
date of construction Capacity in Tons
Deer Creek Furnace    1850 S       1        1844   1,100 Tons
        Owners  Post Office      Kind of ore used  No. of Men &
Boys Employed
 No. of horses &
mules Employed
James Hasson Shippenville Argillareous Carbonate       66         36
No. Tuyeres
 Kind of
Power used
Kind of Metal Made  Largest product Actual Product
in 1849
  1 8 feet 32 feet Water Close Gray Iron    900 Tons   100 Tons

                                                                                                           (Iron Masters Association,1850:n.p.)

From "History of Clarion County" 1887.
Deer Creek Furnace>, 1844, cold blast, on Deer Creek, at the pike crossing immediately west of Shippenville. First proprietors, Kerr and Hasson, afterwards Mease & Co.; abandoned, 1851.  (Davis,1887:117)

Deer Creek Furnace. Located on Deer Creek, at the turnpike crossing just west of Shippenville.  Cold Blast.  Production in 1847 was 1,100 tons.  Abandoned 1851. (Caldwell,1877:  )

Deer Creek Furnace erected in 1844 on Deer Creek at the Pike crossing just west of Shippensville, this plant was sold by the sheriff in 1850 and went out of blast in 1851. It was owned by James Hasson.  Maximum production was 900 tons a year.  A cold blast furnace with one tuyere, its blast was powered by water.
(Sharp & Thomas,1966:33)

To reach the site of Deer Creek Furnace, go west from Shippenville on US Rt.322, right at the Shippenville Borough line, the old highway bears to the right.  Folllow the old road about 200 feet.  On the left side is the old town dump and across the dump is the new US Rt.322. The Deer Creek Furnace site is under the old town dump and the new US Rt.322.

No trace of the Deer Creek Furnace plant remaiins.  On the hillside to the right ca.1966, could be seen piles of iron ore. This was evidently a storage area.

Roy D. Hartzell, who lived near by, ca.1966, said that the furnace stack had been torn down years ago. But he doesn't remember ever seeing it.
(Sharp & Thomas,1966:33)

(It is recommended that you obtain and use the "Pennsylvania Atlas & Gazetteer" by DeLorne Mapping, as your map source in finding the Clarion County Iron Furnaces.)
The Elk Township map is cropped from a 1/50,000 USGS Geological Survey Map of Clarion County dated 1986; based on 1/24,000 maps dated 1963 through 1969.
(Map courtesy of the U.S.G.S. Topographic Survey, Washington, D.C.)

Bibliographical Sources:  This section under construction.                                                    

[no pictures are presently available for Deer Creek Furnace, Elk Twp., Clarion Co., Pa.]
If you have pictures or know of where pictures of the furnace are located or additional information on Deer Creek Furnace, Clarion Co., please contact the Ironmaster
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