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Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works

Digital Iron Furnace Research Library
The 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania

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The Iron Furnaces of Clarion County Pennsylvania
Lucinda Furnace & Iron Works

Village of Lucinda,
Knox Twp.,
Clarion County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.


Pennsylvania Iron Furnace Source Book
Clarion County Iron Furnaces

A Tribute to the Iron Masters and Iron Workers
that built and keep in-blast
the old Stone Blast Furnaces of Pennsylvania.

by
Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Archaeologist & Web Master,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Advisor.


Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces
A Publication of the 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
Updated Nov. 3, 2002

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Lucinda Furnace & Iron Works: .
Date Built: ca. 1833
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1858

Other names Lucinda Furnace was known by:
Buchanan & Reynolds Furnace;
Humes' Furnace;

Lucinda Furnace & Iron Works:
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
Owners:
Buchanan & Reynolds Company;
Reynolds & Evans Company (Leased furnace);

Short History of Lucinda Furnace:

From "Iron Manufacturer's Guide", 1859,
Lucinda Hot-blast Charcoal Furnace, eight miles north of Clarion, owned by Buchanan & Reynolds, leased by Reynolds & Evans, managed by C.A. Rankin, Clarion county Pennsylvania, and situated on Paint Creek, was built in 1833, 8 feet across the bosh by 30 feet high, and made in thirty-one weeks of 1856, 995 tons of foundry metal, out of coal measaure buhrstone ores mined within five miles all round.  Timber is geting scarce, and the furnace will be abandoned this year. (Lesley,1859:102)

From "History of Clarion County" 1887.
Lucinda Furnace, built in 1833, on Paint Creek in Knox township, by James Humes and George B. Hamilton ; Humes became sole owner and failed. The furnace was purchased from John F. Steinman, Humes's assignee, in 1843, by Hon. James Buchanan, afterward president, and John Reynolds, of Cornwall, Lebanon county. They purchased at the same time 4,351 acres in Knox township, consideration $20,500. Buchanan visited the furnace in June, 1843. It was afterwards leased to Reynolds and Nathan Evans; the latter managed it. The iron made at this furnace had a high reputation with mill and foundrymen. The stack was hot blast; eight feet bosh by thirty feet high; produced in 1845 1,200 tons per year; in 1856, about 1,500; abandoned in 1858 on account of low prices and scarcity of timber. (Davis:1887:116)

Lucinda Furnace. Located on Paint Creek in Knox Township.  Height 30 feet, 8 foot bosh. Hot Blast.  Humes became sole proprietor.  John F. Steinman, assignee of Humes, sold furnace to James Buchanan. later U.S President, and John Reynolds in 1843.  Produced 1,200 tons in 1845, but only 1,500 tons in 1856. The furnace output had a high reputation among rail and foundrymen.  Abandoned 1858 because of low prices and scare timber.  (Caldwell,1877:  )

Lucinda Furnace. Built in 1833 on Paint Creek.  It was a hot blast charcoal furnace with a 7' 10" bosh and 30 feet high.  In 1845 it was purchased from its original owners by James Buchanan, afterwards he became President of the United States, and John Reynolds of Cornwall, Lebanon County.  At the same time they purchased 4,351 acres of land in Knox Township for $20,500.  Buchanan visited the furnace in June 1843.  The furnace was abandoned in 1858 because of low prices and scarcity of timber. (Sharp & Thomas,1966:32)

Lucinda Furnace,
Knox Township,
Clarion Co.

1872 Map of Knox Township, Clarion, showing the location of Lucinda Furnace and the settlement around the furnace location.
(from "Atlas of the County of Lawrence & The State of Pennsylvania,"  Published by G.M.Hopkins & Co., Philadelphia, PA, ca.1872)

Location:
To reach the furnac site, turn west from PA Rt 68 to S.R.4015 in the Village of Lucinda.  Follow it for about 1.3 miles.   The ruins of the old stack are on the right side of the road and only about 20 feet from it.  A sign beside the furnace tells its story.  Only part of the structure remains.  Most of it was removed when the road was widened several years ago.
(Sharp & Thomas,1966:36)
(It is recommended that you obtain and use the "Pennsylvania Atlas & Gazetteer" by DeLorne Mapping, as your map source in finding the Clarion County Iron Furnaces.)
The Clarion Township map is cropped from a 1/50,000 USGS Geological Survey Map of Clarion County dated 1986; based on 1/24,000 maps dated 1963 through 1969.
(Map courtesy of the U.S.G.S. Topographic Survey, Washington, D.C.)

Bibliographical Sources:  This section under construction.                                                    

[no pictures are presently available for Lucinda Furnace, Clarion Co., Pa.]
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