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Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works

Digital Iron Furnace Research Library
The 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania

Links to:
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Clarion County Iron Furnace & Iron Works Index
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The Iron Furnaces of Clarion County Pennsylvania
Mary Ann Furnace
Maryanne, Shippenville,
Elk Twp.,
Clarion County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Pennsylvania Iron Furnace Source Book
Clarion County Iron Furnaces

A Tribute to the Iron Masters and Iron Workers
that built and keep in-blast
the old Stone Blast Furnaces of Pennsylvania.

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Archaeologist & Web Master,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Advisor.

Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works
A Publication of the 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania

Updated Nov. 3, 2002

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Mary Ann Furnace & Iron Works: Located on Paint Creek, Maryanne, Elk Twp., Clarion County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Date Built: ca. 1844
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1851

Other names Mary Ann Furnace was known by:
Black's Furnace;

Mary Ann Furnace & Iron Works:
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works

J. Black & Company (ca.1849- ? )
(John Black, Daniel Brenneman, David McKee, and John Thom)
John & Adam Black

Short History of Mary Ann Furnace:
Documents Relating to the Manufacture of Iron in Pennsylvania, 1850
A Detailed Statement of all the Charcoal Cold Blast Furnaces in Western Pennsylvania in the year 1850
Published on behalf of the Convention of Iron Masters,
Which met in Philadelphia, on the Twentierth of December, 1849
Philadelphia: Published by the General Committee. 1850
Name of Works date of Sheriff's
sale or failure
in-blast 1849
out-of-blast 1849
date of construction Capacity in Tons
Mary Ann Furnace     1        1844   1,100 Tons
        Owners  Post Office      Kind of ore used  No. of Men &
Boys Employed
 No. of horses &
mules Employed
J. Black & Company  Shippenville  Argillareous Carbonate       50         30
No. Tuyeres
 Kind of
Power used
Kind of Metal Made  Largest product Actual Product in 1849
       1  8 feet  30 feet  Water Close Gray Iron   700 Tons        450 Tons

                                                                                                           (Iron Masters Association,1850:n.p.)

From "History of Clarion County" 1887.
Mary Ann Furnace,  cold blast, 1844, on Paint Creek, at the crossing of the Franklin-Brookville turnpike; built by John Black, Daniel Brenneman, David McKee, and John Thom; sold to John and Adam Black; was eight feet across the bosh ; produced in 1846, 1,100 tons of iron; abandoned in 1851 (Davis,1887:118)

Mary Ann Furnace. Located on Paint Creek where the Franklin - Brookville turnpike crossed.  Bosh 8 feet.  Cold blast.  Built by John Black, Daniel Brenneman, David McKee, and John Thom.  Sold to John and Adam Black. Production in 1846 was 1,100 tons, in 1847 was 1,000 tons.  Abandoned 1851. (Caldwell,1877:   )

Mary Ann Furnace.  This furnace was built in 1844 on Paint Creek and was abandoned in 1851. (Sharp & Thomas,1966:37)

To reach the site of Mary Ann Furnace, starting at Shippenville, go east from the junction of PA Rt.208 on US Rt.322 about 3/4 mile. Towards Maryanne.  The site of Mary Ann Furnace was visible on the north side of the road almost at the bottom of the hill [ca.1966] and about 200 feet before reaching the bridge over Paint Creek.  They are about 30 feet from US Rt.322.  A large cinder pile is across Paint Creek and south of the road [ca.1966].
(Sharp & Thomas,1966:37)

[Route numbers have been revised to reflect the current ones in the above description. ed.]

(It is recommended that you obtain and use the "Pennsylvania Atlas & Gazetteer" by DeLorne Mapping, as you map source in finding the Clarion County Iron Furnaces.)
The Elk Township map is cropped from a 1/50,000 USGS Geological Survey Map of Clarion County dated 1986; based on 1/24,000 maps dated 1963 through 1969.
(Map courtesy of the U.S.G.S. Topographic Survey, Washington, D.C.)

Maryann Furnace, Elk Township, Clarion Co.
1872 Map of Elk Township, Clarion, showing the location of Maryann Furnace and the settlements around the furnace.
(from "Atlas of the County of Lawrence & The State of Pennsylvania,"  Published by G.M.Hopkins & Co., Philadelphia, PA, ca.1872)

Bibliographical Sources:  This section under construction.                                                    

[no pictures are presently available for Maryann Furnace, Elk Twp., Clarion Co., Pa.]
If you have pictures or know of where pictures of the furnace are located or additional information on Maryann Furnace, Clarion Co., please contact the Ironmaster

RETURN to Clarion County Furnace Index

RETURN to Pennsylvania Iron Furnace Source Book Index

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