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Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works

Digital Iron Furnace Research Library
The 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
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The Iron Furnaces of Clarion County Pennsylvania
Monroe Furnace
Village ,
Monroe Twp.,
Clarion County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Pennsylvania Iron Furnace Source Book
Clarion County Iron Furnaces

A Tribute to the Iron Masters and Iron Workers
that built and keep in-blast
the old Stone Blast Furnaces of Pennsylvania.

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian,. Archaeologist & Web Master,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Advisor.

Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works
A Publication of the 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
Updated Nov. 3, 2002

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Monroe Furnace & Iron Works:
Date Built: ca. 1845
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1856

Other names Monroe Furnace was known by:
Fulton's Furnace;
Fetzer's Furnace;

Monroe Furnace & Iron Works:
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
C. Fulton (ca.1850)
W. B. Fetzer & Company
Cochran & Timblin (ca.1882)

Short History of Monroe Furnace:  
Documents Relating to the Manufacture of Iron in Pennsylvania, 1850
A Detailed Statement of all the Charcoal Cold Blast Furnaces in Western Pennsylvania in the year 1850
Published on behalf of the Convention of Iron Masters,
Which met in Philadelphia, on the Twentierth of December, 1849
Philadelphia: Published by the General Committee. 1850
Name of Works date of Sheriff's
sale or failure
in-blast 1849
out-of-blast 1849
date of construction Capacity in Tons
Monroe Furnace         1              1845   1,100 Tons
        Owners  Post Office      Kind of ore used  No. of Men &
Boys Employed
 No. of horses &
mules Employed
C. Fulton Clarion Argillareous Carbonate       72         38
No. Tuyeres
 Kind of
Power used
Kind of Metal Made  Largest product Actual Product
in 1849
  1  8 feet  30 feet    Water Close Gray Iron &
mottled & white iron, hard iron
   900 Tons   700 Tons

                                                                                                           (Iron Masters Association,1850:n.p.)

From the "Iron Manufacturer's Guide", 1859.
Monroe Cold-blast Charcoal Furnace, six miles south of Clarion, owned by W.B.Fetzer & Company, stands on Piney Creek, in Clarion county Pennsylvania, at the crossing of the Clarion-Greensville-Kittanning road, was built in 1845, 8 by 30 feet inside, and made in eighteen weeks of 1855, 393 1/2 tons of metal out of coal measure ores. (Lesley,1859:101).

From "History of Clarion County" 1887.
Monroe Furnace, cold blast; eight foot bosh by thirty feet high (inside); on Piney Creek in eastern Monroe Township, on the road between Reidsburg and Greenville; original operator, Cochran Fulton, afterwards W. B. Fetzer & Co., now owned by Cochran & Timblin; eight by thirty feet inside; production of 1845, 1,000 tons; of 1855, 1,250. This stack still stands; went finally out of blast in 1882. (Davis,1887:118,119)

Monroe Furnace.  Located on Piney Creek, in eastern Monroe Township, on the road between Reidsburg and Greenville.  Height 30 feet (inside), 8 foot bosh.  Cold blast.  Produced 1,00 tons in 1845 and 1847. 1,250 tons in 1855.  Abandoned 1882. (Stack was dismantled summer, 1922.) (Caldwell,1877:   )

Monroe Furnace.  This cold blast charcoal furnace was built in 1845 on Piney Creek and was abandoned in 1882. (Sharp & Thomas,1966:31)


(Sharp & Thomas,1966:32)

(It is recommended that you obtain and use the "Pennsylvania Atlas & Gazetteer" by DeLorne Mapping, as you map source in finding the Clarion County Iron Furnaces.)
The Monroe Township map is cropped from a 1/50,000 USGS Geological Survey Map of Clarion County dated 1986; based on 1/24,000 maps dated 1963 through 1969.
(Map courtesy of the U.S.G.S. Topographic Survey, Washington, D.C.)

Monroe Furnace, Monroe Township, Clarion Co.
1872 Map of MonroeTownship, Clarion, showing the location of Monroe Furnace and the settlement around the furnace.
(from "Atlas of the County of Lawrence & The State of Pennsylvania,"  Published by G.M.Hopkins & Co., Philadelphia, PA, ca.1872)

Bibliographical Sources:  This section under construction.                                                    

[no pictures are presently available for Monroe Furnace, Monroe Twp., Clarion Co., Pa.]
If you have pictures or know of where pictures of the furnace are located or additional information on Monroe Furnace, Clarion Co., please contact the Ironmaster

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