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Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works

Digital Iron Furnace Research Library
The 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
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The Iron Furnaces of Clarion County Pennsylvania
Prospect Furnace
Callensburg,
Licking Twp.,
Clarion County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.


Pennsylvania Iron Furnace Source Book
Clarion County Iron Furnaces

A Tribute to the Iron Masters and Iron Workers
that built and keep in-blast
the old Stone Blast Furnaces of Pennsylvania.

by
Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Archaeologist & Web Master,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Advisor.


Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works
A Publication of the 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
Updated Nov. 3, 2002

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Prospect Furnace & Iron Works:  Located on Cherry Run, 1 mi. south of Callensburg, Licking Twp., Clarion County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Date Built: ca. 1844
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1854

Other names Prospect Furnace was known by:
Leonard & Sample Company Furnace;
Long, Blackstone & Company Furnace;
Miller & Long Company Furnace;
Sample's Furnace

Prospect Furnace & Iron Works
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
Owners:
Alexander & Moore Company
H. Alexander & Mc Elroy, Moore Company
Alexander & Mc Ilroy Company
Painter & Company

Short History of Prospect Furnace:
Documents Relating to the Manufacture of Iron in Pennsylvania, 1850
A Detailed Statement of all the Charcoal Cold Blast Furnaces in Western Pennsylvania in the year 1850
Published on behalf of the Convention of Iron Masters,
Which met in Philadelphia, on the Twentierth of December, 1849
Philadelphia: Published by the General Committee. 1850
Name of Works date of Sheriff's
sale or failure
Furnaces
in-blast 1849
Furnaces
out-of-blast 1849
date of construction Capacity in Tons
Prospect Furnace     1            1844   1,000 Tons
        Owners  Post Office      Kind of ore used  No. of Men
& Boys Employed
 No. of horses
& mules Employed
Alexander & Mc Ilroy Company Callansburg  Argillareous Carbonate   60     41
Stack
No. Tuyeres
  Stack
  Bosh
 Stack
 Height
 Kind of
Power used
Kind of Metal Made  Largest product Actual Product
in 1849
   1 7feet 6 Inches 32 feet Steam & Water Close Gray Iron    700 Tons   700Tons

                                                                                                           (Iron Masters Association,1850:n.p.)

From "History of Clarion County" 1887.
Prospect Furnace, steam cold blast; built in 1845, on Cherry Run, one mile south of Callensburg, by H. Alexander and ---- McElroy; bosh eight feet, height, thirty feet; sold to Moore, Painter & Co.; managed by William Moore, one of the company; manufactured in thirty-nine and one-fourth weeks of 1856, 1,450 tons of mill iron out of blue coal measure limestone ore from many banks within three and one-half miles round; abandoned in 1862. (Davis,1887:119)

The saw-rnill at the mouth of Licking was built at an early date. At the time Prospect furnace was in blast William Moore had control of the mill with a boat scaffold on the Callensburg side of Licking, where they built many boats. (Davis,1877:n.p.)

Prospect Furnace, on Cherry Run, was built by Henry Alexander and James McElroy, in 1845. Its site is marked by an immense pile of ore dust. (Davis,1877:n.p.)

The Buchanan wharf, where the pig iron was loaded in the boats for transportation, was located below the furnace. The Prospect wharf was on the east side of the mouth of Licking. Above Crary's Dam, on the south side of the river, was located the Sligo metal wharf, many of the timbers of which are still to be seen. (Davis,1877:n.p.)

The furnace companies at Prospect and Buchanan each had stores. (Davis,1877:n.p.)

Prospect Furnace.  Located on Cherry Run, 1 mile south of Callensburg.  Height 30 feet, 8 foot bosh.  Steam, cold blast.  Managed by owner, William Moore, under Moore, Painter & Company ownership.  Produced 1,450 tons of mill iron in only 39 1/4 weeks in 1856 from blue coal measure limestone ore mined within 3 1/2 miles of the furnace.  Abandoned 1862.  (Caldwell,1877:   )

Prospect Furnace.  This furnace was built in 1845 on Cherry Run about a mile south of Callensburg. It was a steam powered cold blast furnace with an 8 foot bosh and 30 feet high. (Sharp & Thomas,1966:38)

Prospect Furnace,
Licking Township,
Clarion Co.

1872 Map of Licking Township, Clarion, showing the location of Prospect Furnace and the settlement around the furnace.
(from "Atlas of the County of Lawrence & The State of Pennsylvania,"  Published by G.M.Hopkins & Co., Philadelphia, PA, ca.1872)

LOCATION:
To reach the site of Prospect Furnace, Starting at Callensburg, Licking Township, travel west from Callensburg on PA Rt.368 for about 1/2 mile to the bridge over Licking Creek.  Cross the Licking Creek bridge to the junction of Callensburg Road (PA SR2009), just passed the bridge.  turn south on PA Callensburg Road (SR2009) for about 3/4 mile to the bridge over Cherry Run. Just passed the bridge over Cherry Run Elder Lane (T-368) turns to the left. Go north on Elder Lane (T-368) to the first farmhouse on the left.  Park near here. After obtaining permission, go through the yard, down the bank and along the bottom of it to the right for 200 to 250 feet to the furnace site.

All that remains of Prospect Furnace ca.1966, is a pile of stones and heaps of slag.
(Sharp & Thomas,1966:38)

[The PA Route Nos. and some of the directions have been updated with new PA Route Nos. and descriptions, other than those that appeared in the "Sharp & Thomas" book.]

(It is recommended that you obtain and use the "Pennsylvania Atlas & Gazetteer" by DeLorne Mapping, as you map source in finding the Clarion County Iron Furnaces.)
The Licking Township map is cropped from a 1/50,000 USGS Geological Survey Map of Clarion County dated 1986; based on 1/24,000 maps dated 1963 through 1969.
(Map courtesy of the U.S.G.S. Topographic Survey, Washington, D.C.)

(Photo courtesy of Arnold Kepple, author of "History of Callensburg Boro & Licking Township.")
(Photo courtesy of Arnold Kepple, author of "History of Callensburg Boro & Licking Township.")

Bibliographical Sources:  This section under construction.                                                    

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