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Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works

Digital Iron Furnace Research Library
The 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
Links to:
Pennsylvania Furnaces Every Name Index
Clarion County Iron Furnace & Iron Works Index
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Cited References for Pennsylvania Iron Works & Iron Furnaces

The Iron Furnaces of Clarion County Pennsylvania
Tippecanoe Furnace
(Canoe Furnace)
Village of Canoe Furnace,
Clarion County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Pennsylvania Iron Furnace Sourcebook
Clarion County Iron Furnaces

A Tribute to the Iron Masters and Iron Workers
that built and keep in-blast
the old Stone Blast Furnaces of Pennsylvania.

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Archaeologist & Web Master
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Advisor.

Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works
A Publication of the 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania

Updated Nov. 3, 2002

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Tippecanoe Furnace & Iron Works: Located on Canoe Creek, 2 1/2 mi. above the Clarion River, Village of Canoe Furnace, Beaver Twp., Clarion County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Date Built: ca. 1844
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1851

Other names Tippecanoe Furnace was known by:
Canoe Furnace

Tipecanoe Furnace & Iron Works:
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
(ca.1844- ?) Black & Maxwell Company;
(ca.1850- ? ) King & Maxwell Company

Short History of Tippecanoe Furnace:
Documents Relating to the Manufacture of Iron in Pennsylvania, 1850
A Detailed Statement of all the Charcoal Cold Blast Furnaces in Western Pennsylvania in the year 1850
Published on behalf of the Convention of Iron Masters,
Which met in Philadelphia, on the Twentierth of December, 1849
Philadelphia: Published by the General Committee. 1850
Name of Works date of Sheriff's
sale or failure
in-blast 1849
out-of-blast 1849
date of construction Capacity in Tons
Tippecanoe Furnace     1            1844   1,100 Tons
        Owners  Post Office      Kind of ore used  No. of Men &
Boys Employed
 No. of horses &
mules Employed
King & Maxwell Company  Shippenville  Argillareous Carbonate       65         46
No. Tuyeres
 Kind of
Power used
Kind of Metal Made  Largest product Actual Product
in 1849
   1 8 feet 32 feet Steam & Water Close Gray Iron 1,000 Tons   800 Tons

                                                                                                           (Iron Masters Association,1850:n.p.)

 From "History of Clarion County" 1887.
Tippecanoe Furnace, steam cold blast, named after "Tippecanoe and Tyler too;" built in 1844, by Black and Maxwell, and run by King and Maxwell; situated on Canoe Creek, one and one-half miles above Eagle furnace made, in 1845. 1,000 tons of metal; abandoned in 1851. (Davis,1887:118)

Tippecanoe Furnace (Canoe Furnace).  Named for "Tippecanoe and Tyler too."  Located on Canoe Creek, 1.5 miles above Eagle Furnace.  Steam - Cold Blast.  Operated by King and Maxwell.  Production 1,000 tons in 1845 and 1847.  Abandoned 1851. (Caldwell,1877:   )

Tippecanoe Furnace.  Black & Maxwell built this furnace in 1844 on Canoe Creek about 1 1/2 miles above Eagle Furnace. (Sharp & Thomas,1966:31)

To reach the site of Tippecanoe Furnace, starting at Knox, Clarion Co., follow PA Rt.338 south, starting at the junction of PA Rt.208 in Knox, go south for approx. 2.9 mi. the junction of PA SR3007 at Wentlings Corners.  Turn left (east) on PA LR3007, towards the Junction of I-80,  go approx. .1 mi. to the Junction of PA SR4005.  Turn left onto PA SR4005.  Go east on PA SR4005 approx 2 mi., to the location of Canoe Furnace.  Just before crossing the bridge on Canoe Creek, you can see the ruins to the right.  A stone pile, milrace and building foundations are all that remain [ca.1966]. (Sharp & Thomas,1966:32)

[Additional directions and new PA Rt. nos. have been added to the directions given by "Sharp & Thomas".  The construction of I-80 may have closed PA SR4005 were it crosses Canoe Creek.  I-80 Construction also has altered the area around Tippecanoe Furnace and may have destroyed the remains of Tippencanoe Furnace.]

(It is recommended that you obtain and use the "Pennsylvania Atlas & Gazetteer" by DeLorne Mapping, as you map source in finding the Clarion County Iron Furnaces.)
The Beaver Township map is cropped from a 1/50,000 USGS Geological Survey Map of Clarion County dated 1986; based on 1/24,000 maps dated 1963 through 1969.
(Map courtesy of the U.S.G.S. Topographic Survey, Washington, D.C.)

Tippecanoe Furnace, Beaver Township,
Clarion Co.

1872 Map of Beaver Township, Clarion, showing the location of Tippecanoe Furnace and the settlement around the furnace.
(from "Atlas of the County of Lawrence & The State of Pennsylvania,"  Published by G.M.Hopkins & Co., Philadelphia, PA, ca.1872)

Bibliographical Sources:  This section under construction.                                                    

[no pictures are presently available for Tippecanoe Furnace [Canoe Furnace], Clarion Co., Pa.]
If you have pictures or know of where pictures of the furnace are located or additional information on Tippecanoe Furnace, Clarion Co., please contact the Ironmaster

RETURN to Clarion County Iron Furnace Index

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