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Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces & Iron Works

Digital Iron Furnace Research Library
The 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania

Links to:
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The Iron Furnaces of Greene County Pennsylvania
Mary Ann Furnace
Greene County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Pennsylvania Iron Furnace Source Book
Greene County Iron Furnaces

A Tribute to the Iron Masters and Iron Workers
that built and keep in-blast
the old Stone Blast Furnaces of Pennsylvania.

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Archaeologist & Web Master,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Advisor

Virtual Museum of Pennsylvania Iron Furnaces
A Publication of the 19th Century Society of Pennsylvania
Updated Nov. 3, 2002

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Mary Ann Furnace & Iron Works, Located on Ten Mile Creek, opposite Clarksville, Greene County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Date Built: ca. 1800/1802
Date Out-of-Blast: ca.1810

Other names Mary Ann Furnace was known by:
Clarksville Furnace;
Greene Forge;
Robinson's Furnace.

Mary Ann Furnace & Iron Works
A Stone Blast Furnace & Iron Works
Owners:  James Robinson

Short History:  Greene County had only one iron furnace, and the information about it is very scarce.  Swank's Iron Making in Pennsylvania says the furnace was built before 1800, on Ten Mile Creek, by James Robinson.  Its location is given as across from Clarksville.  The establishment was abandoned before 1820, but the stack was visible for some time after 1840.

J.B. Pearse in Iron Manufacture in Pennsylvania says the Mary Ann Furnace was built in 1777 or 1784 by Mr. Oliphant, Sr.  Mr. Oliphant, Jr., says his father never built a furnace in Greene County. The Horn Papers, published by the Greene County Historical Scoiety, reports the furnace as built in 1779 by a Mr. McCullough. James Robinson is listed, inan old atlas of Greene County, as the owner of the land upon which the furnace supposedly was built.  Apparently, there was a furnace at this location;  and it seems that James Robinson, as the owner of the land, was the most logical man to have built it.  (Sharp & Thomas,1966:53-54).

LOCATION:  To reach Mary Ann Furnace, follow U.S. Rt. 40 east from Washington, PA about 15 miles to Beallsville, PA.  Turn right at the light in Beallsville, and follow the markers to Clarksville, PA.  Cross the creek, go through the town, cross the crek again.  At the second crossing you will see a railroad bridge to the left.  As accurately as we can determine, the furnace stood against the hillside, directly under the present railroad embankment.  Because of the grading and filling for the railroad, all traces of the Mary Ann Furnace have long since disappeared. (Sharp &Thomas,1966:54)

Bibliographical Sources:

Greene County Courthouse
n.d.  Greene County Deed Books.
    [Deed Book I, pp.748-750; Deed Book II, pp.70.]
Genius of Liberty & Fayette Advertiser (Newspaper)
1810  Genius of Liberty & Fayette Advertiser, Aug. 4, 1810.
    Uniontown, PA
    [AD.  VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE...  THE IRON WORKS... on Ten Mile Creek, late the property of Capt. James Robinson, adjoining the town of Clarksville...  and not distant three miles from the Monongahela River...  One Hundred Acres of land, Ore Bank...  signed Samuel Harper, Agent, dated Greene County, July 23, 1810.]
1859  Iron Manufactures Guide.
    [Mary Ann cold-blast charcoal Furnace, 30mi. from Uniontown, in Greene Co., owner Mr. Oliphant, Sr.  built 1777 {? this date and builder is in error}, now abandoned (1858).]
Pearse, John Bernard
1876  A Concise History of the Iron Manufacture of the American Coloniesup to the Revolution, and of Pennsylvania Until the Present Time.
    Philadelphia, PA:  Allen, Lane & Scott, Publishers and Printers.
McGreath, Andrew S., Pennsylvania Geological Survey.
1879  Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania 1876-8.  Report MM.  Second Report of Progress in the Laboratory of the Survey at Harrisburg, by Andrew S. McGreath.  (McGreath,1879:160).
    [Data on the ores used at Clarksville Furnace, Clarksville, Greene Co.... Under the Waynesburg Coal bed in Greene county, the shales contain very moderate quantities of ball ore.  Some of it was once dug, at various points in Morgan township, for the old Clarksville furnace.  This ore horizon seems persistent.]
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
1883  Report of the Secretery of Interior Affairs.  
    Harrisburg, PA.:  Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.  (Commonweath of Pennsylvania,1882:27.)  [Historical notes by Swank, Mary Ann Furnace, Ten Mile Creek, opposite Clarksville, Greene Co., built ca.1800, abandoned ca.1810.]
Bining, Arthur Cecil
1938  Pennsylvania Iron Manufacture in the Eighteeenth Century.
    Harrisburg, PA:  Pennsylvania Historical Commission.  (Bining,1938:27)  [Data, Greene Furnace, Greene Co.]
Horn, W. F.
1943  The Horn Papers. 3 Vols.
    Scottdale, PA:  Herald Press. Greene County Historical Society.
  [The Horn Papers have been found to be highly inaccurate, and containing a lot of misinformation in many of the descriptions given in the papers, and should not be relied on as an accurate source of information. ed.]
Sharp, Myron B. & William H. Thomas
1966  Guide to the Old Stone Blast Furnaces of Western Pennsylvania.
    Pittsburgh, PA:  Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania.

[No pictures are presently available for Mary Ann Furnace, Greene Co., Pa.]
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